Calathea Zebrina | Zebra Plant

The Calathea Zebrina, otherwise known as the zebra plant is characterized by its large leaves on long stalks. These leaves have stripes like a zebra. This plant originated in Brazil.

Calathea Zebrina Information

Botanical Name: Calathea Zebrina

Nicknames: Zebra plant

Origin: Brazil, Mexico

Size: The size of Calathea Zebrina can be up to 3 feet tall iwth leaves as big as 15 inches.

Zebra Plant Care

Here are tips to taking care of your Aucuba Japonica Variegata.

Lighting Preferences

The zebra plant prefers bright indirect light.

Watering the Zebra Plant

Allow the top few inches to dry between watering. Water soil evenly, but do not over water your plant. During the summer season, keep the soil moist, and water less frequently during winter.

Fertilizing the Zebra Plant

Fertilize every 2 weeks, April through October, but dilute the fertilizer to half strength.

Temperature Preferences

Between  65°-75° F, keep away from cold drafts.

Humidity Preferences

The zebra plant prefers high humidity, mist if necessary.

Soil Preferences

Calathea Zebrina does best in 2 parts peat moss and 1 part perlite.

How to Propagate the Zebra Plant

One of the most common and effective ways to propagate the venus fly trap is by using plant division. Learn more about propagating with plant division HERE.

Potential Problems With The Calathea Zebrina

Leaves may drop, curl, and turn brown due to low humidity or a cool draft. The changes in the leaves may also be due to a lack of proper watering. A limp stem may be due to overwatering.

Poison Information

The venus fly trap is generally not considered poisonous. Read more about poison levels HERE.

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Calathea Zebrina | Zebra Plant

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Caladium | Elephant Ear Plant

The Caladium Elephant Ear, otherwise known as the elephant ear plant is characterized by large, thin, heart-shaped leaves. This plant originated in South America.

Plant Information

Botanical Name: Caladium

Nicknames: Elephant Ear

Origin: South America

Size: The size of Caladium Elephant Ear varies. The leaves alone can grow to be as large as 24 inches in size. The plant likes to be root-bound, so plant it in a smaller pot.

Plant Care

Lighting

The Caladium Elephant Ear prefers very bright indirect light.

Watering

Allow the soil to dry between watering. Water soil evenly, but do not overwater your plant as this can kill the plant.

Fertilizing

Fertilize your elephant ear every 2 weeks, March through December with fertilizer diluted to half strength

Temperature

Between  70°-85.° F, keep away from cold drafts.

Humidity

Caladium requires high humidity, do not mist this plant

Soil

Caladium Elephant Ear does best in well-aerated loose soil + peat moss.

Pruning

Remove yellow and browning leaves

Propagation

Use plant division in the spring. Allow this plant to rest for 5 months beginning in fall. 

Potential Problems

Be sure to remove dust from leaves. Spray with warm soapy water every few weeks to avoid pests. Elephant Ears are susceptible to disease when over-watered.

Pests

  • Spider mites
  • Thrips

Disease

  • Phytophthora Leaf Blight
  • Pythium Rot
  • Phyllosticta Leaf Spot.

Poison Information

Very poisonous, Level 3

Caladium | Elephant Ear Plant

Spathiphyllum Wallisii | Peace Lily Plant

The Spathiphyllum Wallisii, otherwise known as the Peace Lily Plant is characterized by its large dark leaves and beautiful white spathes or flowers. The peace Lily plant originates in South America

Plant Information

Botanical Name: Spathiphyllum Wallisii

Nicknames: Peace Lily

Origin: South America

Size: The Spathiphyllum can grow to be as tall as 3 ft, in some cases can grow to be even taller.

Spathiphyllum | Peace Lily Plant Spathiphyllum | Peace Lily Plant

Photography by Nick VanLoon.

Plant Care

Lighting: The peace lily prefers bright indirect light but can survive just fine in low lighting. If the plant does not flower around early summer this may indicate too low of lighting.

Watering: Allow the top half of the soil to dry between waterings, otherwise, keep the soil lightly moist. Water soil evenly, but do not over water your plant.

Fertilizing: Fertilize your peace lily every other month with regular houseplant fertilizer diluted to half strength.

Temperature: Between 65° – 80°F.

Humidity: The peace lily prefers high humidity but average humidity will be fine.

Soil: Use well-aerated soil with a good amount peat moss.

Pruning: When flowers begin to fade, cut these off as close to the bottom as possible without damaging the rest of the plant. Cut any brown or yellow leaves at the base.

Propagation: Use plant division in the spring. Divide your peace lily around every 5 years.

Potential Problems: The leaves will turn a brownish-black when overwatered. Browing tips may indicate dry air conditions

Pests:

  • Spider mites
  • Mealybugs
  • Scale

Disease:

Poison Information: The peace lily is poisonous, Level 2.

 

 

 

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Pilea Involucrata | Friendship Plant

The Pilea Involucrata, otherwise known as the friendship plant or moon valley is characterized by its velvety green leaves with deep bronze veins This plant originated in Central and South America.

Plant Information

Botanical Name: Pilea Involucrata

Nicknames: Friendship Plant, Moon Valley

Origin: Central and South America

Size: up to a foot (12 inches) in length

Plant Care

Lighting: The Moon Valley Plant will thrive best in bright indirect light; leaves will burn in direct sunlight.

Watering: Keep soil to moist spring, summer, and fall; this plant can be left a little dryer in the winter.

Fertilizing: Feed every month spring and summer with a liquid fertilizer half diluted.

Temperature: The Friendship plant thrives in 65-80°F all year-round.

Humidity:This plant requires high humidity environments to thrive.

Soil:Use a Peat moss based soil mix.

Pruning:Prune the ‘Moon Valley’ plant by pinching back the main stem to encourage fuller plant growth.

Propagation:Place 4-inch cuttings in moist potting mix during spring.

Potential Problems:These plants are resilient to disease and pests.

Poison Information:The Friendship plant is a non-toxic plant.

Pilea Involucrata | Friendship Plant

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Syngonium Podophyllum | Arrowhead Plant

The Syngonium Podophyllum, otherwise known as the arrowhead plant is characterized by its variegated arrowhead-shaped leaves. This plant originated in Southeast Asia.

Plant Information

Botanical Name: Syngonium Podophyllum

Nicknames: Arrowhead Plant, Arrowhead Vine, Arrowhead philodendron, Goosefoot, African Evergreen, American Evergreen

Origin: Southeast Asia

Size: This plant can grow to be 2 feet tall and climbing varieties might get to be 4 feet long.

Plant Care

Lighting: Arrowhead plant thrives in bright indirect light, however, can tolerate low light. Though low light may lead to lessened variegation.

Watering: Allow the top few inches of soil to dry before watering thoroughly, do not overwater. Water more frequently in the summer, allowing the top half of soil to dry between watering in the winter.

Fertilizing: Feed every 2 weeks spring, summer, and fall with a fertilizer half diluted. Feed monthly in the winter.

Temperature: Syngonium Podophyllum thrives in 60-75°F all year-round.

Humidity: Arrowhead plants prefer high humidity but can survive in average humidity. Brown leaf tips might indicate dry air.

Soil: Use Peat moss based soil mix.

Pruning: Long-running vines can be trimmed back to keep the center of the plant bushy.

Propagation: Place 4-inch cuttings in water or moist peat moss based potting mix. Plant division can also be used.

Potential Problems: These plants are resilient to pests but may attract pests and disease if over-watered. Brown leaf tips signify dry air.

Pests: scale, Mealy Bugs, spider mites

Disease: Rot from overwatering, leaf spot disease

Poison Information: Arrowhead plant is a level 2 poisonous plant.

Syngonium Podophyllum | Arrowhead Plant