Euphorbia Lactea Crest | Coral Cactus

The Euphorbia Lactea Crest, otherwise known as the coral cactus is characterized by its resemblance to coral found underwater. This plant originated in Asia.

Plant Information

Botanical Name: Euphorbia Lactea Crest ‘Cristata’

Nicknames: Coral Cactus, Crested Candelabra plant, Crested Euphorbia, Crested Elkhorn

Origin: Africa

Size: This plant can grow to be between 9 and 15 inches tall.

Euphorbia Lactea Crest 'Cristata' | Coral Cactus

Plant Care

Lighting: Coral Cactus thrives in partial sunlight. They do well in shade with high temperatures.

Watering: Do not overwater this plant. Before watering, check through drainage holes whether or not the roots are dry. If the , are dry, give this plant a little bit of water.

Fertilizing: Feed once each season, excluding winter, with a cactus fertilizer.

Temperature: This succulent thrives in warm sunny environments in temperatures no less than 60°F.

Humidity: Average humidity with good airflow.

Soil: The coral cactus does well in a light, well-draining cactus soil. Re-pot only when necessary (for example, if the plant is root bound).

Pruning: No pruning required.

Propagation: Propagate using cuttings which have dried for several weeks before being placed in soil. Mist with water daily once in soil.

Potential Problems: These plants are likely to die off if over-watered.

Pests: Mealybugs, scale insects, spider mites

Disease: Powdery mildew,  root rot & fungal rots

Poison Information: Coral Cactus is a level 4 poisonous plant. This plant is toxic to most pets.

Euphorbia Lactea Crest 'Cristata' | Coral Cactus

Senecio Rowleyanus | String of Pearls

The Senecio Rowleyanus, otherwise known as the string of pearls is characterized by its small pearl-shaped leaves strung on a trailing vine. These plants originated in Africa.

Plant Information

Botanical Name: Senecio Rowleyanus

Nicknames: String of Pearls

Origin: Southwest Africa

Size: The Senecio Rowleyanus plant can grow trailing stems as long as 2 to 3 feet.

Plant Care

Lighting: The string of pearls plant thrives in bright indirect sunlight with some direct light.

Watering: Keep this plant’s soil moist, avoid allowing the soil to be too dry, but allow the soil to dry between waterings. Do not overwater. Watering can be cut back during the winter season.

Fertilizing: Feed Senecio Rowleyanus every week during spring, summer, and fall with a liquid fertilizer half diluted.

Temperature: This plant prefers temperatures of 70-80°F during spring, summer, and fall and 55-60°F during the winter.

Humidity: Senecio Rowleyanus thrives in average to low humidity.

Soil: The string of pearls does well with succulent and cactus soil.

Propagation: Use 4-inch stem cuttings placed in moist soil to propagate Senecio Rowleyanus.

Poison Information: Senecio Rowleyanus is a level 4 poisonous plant that is particularly poisonous for dogs and other house pets.

PINTEREST-houseplant-dictionary-string of pearls

Houseplant Poison Levels

Each houseplant falls on a toxicity spectrum. Below are 4 levels of toxicity or poisonous levels. These levels are general guidelines. If you are concerned for any reason call poison control.

Non-Toxic Plants

These are plants that are not poisonous or toxic. Despite not being toxic, there is always a risk for allergic reactions to any plant.

Examples: Grape Ivy, China Doll, Baby’s Tears, Bird’s Nest Ferns, Cast Iron Plant, Money Tree, Lucky Bamboo, Phoenix Roebelenii, Lady Palms, Fittonia, Hypoestes, Prayer plant, Rabbit’s Foot Fern, Calatheas, Yucca

Level 1

Poison level 1 plants are considered to have low toxicity. These plants are generally not poisonous, though there is always a risk for allergic reaction to any plant.

Examples: Ficus LyrataAloe Vera Plant, Peperomia, Ctenanthe, Dracaena Warneki, Homalomena, Ficus Benjamina, Tradescantia Albiflora, Schefflera Actinophylla, Rubber Tree , Philodendron Xanadu , Snake Plant

Level 2

Poison level 2 plants have mild to severe toxicity.  These plants should avoid being eaten as side effects may be experienced.

Examples: Monstera DeliciosaEpipremnum Aureum (Pothos), Ficus Alii, Arrowhead plants, Dracaena Marginatas, Agave plants, Fishtail Palm, Cordyline Terminalis, Peace Lily plants, Chinese Evergreen, Aralias

Level 3

Poison level 3 plants are very toxic. These plants should avoid being eaten as side effects may be experienced.

Examples: Philodendron Selloum, Moses in the Cradle, Caladiums, Croton, English Ivy 

Level 4

Poison level 4 plants are extremely toxic. These plants should not be eaten as side effects may be experienced and this may be life-threatening.

Examples: Alocasia AmazonicaAlocasia Macrorrhiza, Zamioculcas zamiifolia, Sago Palm, Dieffenbachias, Pencil Cactus, 

PINTEREST-houseplant-dictionary-poison-levels

Alocasia Macrorrhiza | Elephant Ear Plant

The Alocasia Macrorrhiza, otherwise known as the elephant ear plant is characterized by green heart-shaped leaves with light colored veins. These plants originated in Australia, Malesia, and Papuasia.

Plant Information

Botanical Name: Alocasia Macrorrhiza

Nicknames: Elephant Ear

Origin: Australia, Malesia, Papuasia

Size: Alocasia macrorrhizos varies in size, 6 inches to over 6 feet. The plant likes to be root bound, plant in a smaller pot.

Plant Care

Lighting: The elephant ear plant requires very bright indirect light. Direct light will burn the leaves.

Watering: Allow the top few inches of the soil to dry between watering. Water soil evenly, do not over water.

Fertilizing: Fertilize this plant every 2 weeks, March through December. Dilute fertilizer to half strength

Temperature: Between 60°-80.° F. Keep plant away from cold drafts.

Humidity: This plant prefers high humidity. Do not mist.

Soil: The elephant ear prefers well-aerated loose soil with peat moss.

Pruning: Remove yellow and browning leaves.

Propagation: Use plant division.

Potential Problems: Remove dust from leaves. Spray with warm soapy water every few weeks to avoid pests. The plant is susceptible to disease if over-watered.

Poison Information: The elephant ear is very poisonous, Level 4

Alocasia Amazonica | Elephant Ear Plant

The Alocasia Amazonica, otherwise known as the elephant ear or poly elephant ear is characterized by dark green leaves with light colored veins. These plants originated in Asia 

Plant Information

Botanical Name: Alocasia Amazonica

Nicknames: Elephant Ear, Poly Elephant Ear

Origin: Asia

Size: The size of Alocasia Amazonica varies from 6 inches to over 6 feet. The plant likes to be root-bound, so plant it in a smaller pot.

Plant Care

Lighting: The elephant ear prefers very bright indirect light.

Watering: Allow the top few inches to dry between watering. Water soil evenly, but do not over water your plant.

Fertilizing: Fertilize your elephant ear every 2 weeks, March through December, but dilute fertilizer to half strength

Temperature: Between  60°-80.° F, keep away from cold drafts.

Humidity: Alocasia Amazonica prefers high humidity, do not mist.

Soil: Alocasia Amazonica does best in well-aerated loose soil + peat moss.

Pruning: Remove yellow and browning leaves

Propagation: Use plant division.

Potential Problems: Be sure to remove dust from leaves. Spray with warm soapy water every few weeks to avoid pests. Elephant Ears are susceptible to disease when over-watered.

Pests:

  • Spider mites
  • Thrips

Disease: 

  • Phytophthora Leaf Blight
  • Pythium Rot
  • Phyllosticta Leaf Spot.

Poison Information: Very poisonous, Level 4