Caladium | Elephant Ear Plant

The Caladium Elephant Ear, otherwise known as the elephant ear plant is characterized by large, thin, heart-shaped leaves. This plant originated in South America.

Plant Information

Botanical Name: Caladium

Nicknames: Elephant Ear

Origin: South America

Size: The size of Caladium Elephant Ear varies. The leaves alone can grow to be as large as 24 inches in size. The plant likes to be root-bound, so plant it in a smaller pot.

Plant Care

Lighting

The Caladium Elephant Ear prefers very bright indirect light.

Watering

Allow the soil to dry between watering. Water soil evenly, but do not overwater your plant as this can kill the plant.

Fertilizing

Fertilize your elephant ear every 2 weeks, March through December with fertilizer diluted to half strength

Temperature

Between  70°-85.° F, keep away from cold drafts.

Humidity

Caladium requires high humidity, do not mist this plant

Soil

Caladium Elephant Ear does best in well-aerated loose soil + peat moss.

Pruning

Remove yellow and browning leaves

Propagation

Use plant division in the spring. Allow this plant to rest for 5 months beginning in fall. 

Potential Problems

Be sure to remove dust from leaves. Spray with warm soapy water every few weeks to avoid pests. Elephant Ears are susceptible to disease when over-watered.

Pests

  • Spider mites
  • Thrips

Disease

  • Phytophthora Leaf Blight
  • Pythium Rot
  • Phyllosticta Leaf Spot.

Poison Information

Very poisonous, Level 3

Caladium | Elephant Ear Plant

Alocasia Macrorrhiza | Elephant Ear Plant

The Alocasia Macrorrhiza, otherwise known as the elephant ear plant is characterized by green heart-shaped leaves with light colored veins. These plants originated in Australia, Malesia, and Papuasia.

Plant Information

Botanical Name: Alocasia Macrorrhiza

Nicknames: Elephant Ear

Origin: Australia, Malesia, Papuasia

Size: Alocasia macrorrhizos varies in size, 6 inches to over 6 feet. The plant likes to be root bound, plant in a smaller pot.

Plant Care

Lighting: The elephant ear plant requires very bright indirect light. Direct light will burn the leaves.

Watering: Allow the top few inches of the soil to dry between watering. Water soil evenly, do not over water.

Fertilizing: Fertilize this plant every 2 weeks, March through December. Dilute fertilizer to half strength

Temperature: Between 60°-80.° F. Keep plant away from cold drafts.

Humidity: This plant prefers high humidity. Do not mist.

Soil: The elephant ear prefers well-aerated loose soil with peat moss.

Pruning: Remove yellow and browning leaves.

Propagation: Use plant division.

Potential Problems: Remove dust from leaves. Spray with warm soapy water every few weeks to avoid pests. The plant is susceptible to disease if over-watered.

Poison Information: The elephant ear is very poisonous, Level 4

Alocasia Amazonica | Elephant Ear Plant

The Alocasia Amazonica, otherwise known as the elephant ear or poly elephant ear is characterized by dark green leaves with light colored veins. These plants originated in Asia 

Plant Information

Botanical Name: Alocasia Amazonica

Nicknames: Elephant Ear, Poly Elephant Ear

Origin: Asia

Size: The size of Alocasia Amazonica varies from 6 inches to over 6 feet. The plant likes to be root-bound, so plant it in a smaller pot.

Plant Care

Lighting: The elephant ear prefers very bright indirect light.

Watering: Allow the top few inches to dry between watering. Water soil evenly, but do not over water your plant.

Fertilizing: Fertilize your elephant ear every 2 weeks, March through December, but dilute fertilizer to half strength

Temperature: Between  60°-80.° F, keep away from cold drafts.

Humidity: Alocasia Amazonica prefers high humidity, do not mist.

Soil: Alocasia Amazonica does best in well-aerated loose soil + peat moss.

Pruning: Remove yellow and browning leaves

Propagation: Use plant division.

Potential Problems: Be sure to remove dust from leaves. Spray with warm soapy water every few weeks to avoid pests. Elephant Ears are susceptible to disease when over-watered.

Pests:

  • Spider mites
  • Thrips

Disease: 

  • Phytophthora Leaf Blight
  • Pythium Rot
  • Phyllosticta Leaf Spot.

Poison Information: Very poisonous, Level 4